Lyme disease is one of the most common tick-transmitted diseases in the world, yet comparatively rare in Louisiana. In this post, our Mandeville vets share information about Lyme disease in pets: what it is, symptoms to watch for, the risk of infection, and treatment options.
The bacteria borrella is carried by deer ticks and causes infectious Lyme disease, which is transmitted when ticks feed on infected animals such as deer, birds, and mice. This infection is then passed to other animals when the infected tick bites them.
Lyme Disease in Louisiana
Lime disease is much rarer in Lousiana than in most of the continental United States. Deer ticks, in contrast to their namesake, often feast on reptiles in Lousiana rather than mammals so there are fewer opportunities for ticks to become carriers of Lime disease. Nonetheless, every year pets who've contracted Lyme disease will arrive at Riverside Veterinary Hospital needing care. While rarer, it is no less serious in Lousiana, so it is important to know the signs of infection
Symptoms of Lyme disease in pets?
In our four-legged friends, common symptoms of Lyme disease may include anything from general discomfort or malaise to depression, lack of appetite, and lameness due to inflamed joints.
Also beware of any fever, difficulty breathing, or sensitivity to touch.
Diagnosing Lyme disease?
Schedule an appointment with your vet if you suspect your pet may have Lyme disease.
During the appointment, your vet will ask a number of questions to gain a detailed understanding of your pet's medical history, then complete a battery of tests including urine analysis, fecal exam, x-rays and blood tests. Fluid may also be drawn from your pet's affected joints, then analyzed for signs of the disease.
Treatment for Dogs and Cats after a Lyme Disease Diagnosis
When diagnosed with Lyme disease, pets are usually treated on an outpatient basis. This will typically involve at least a four-week course of antibiotics, though your vet may also prescribe pain medication if the disease has made your dog especially uncomfortable.
Preventing Lyme Disease
Avoiding ticks as much as possible will go a long way to controlling and preventing disease. Sprays, monthly products and vaccines are available, although many work best before dogs are exposed to the bacteria that cause Lyme disease.
Your vet may recommend appropriate boosters and vaccines if you live in an area where Lyme disease is common. You should promptly remove any ticks you find on your dog to help prevent Lyme and other diseases spreading. Though dogs will not directly infect people, our pets may bring infected ticks into the house, which may then attach to another person or animal and transmit Lyme disease.